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river birch uses

WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Fertilization of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended. Tree experts also echo the praise for the river birch. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. 0000004456 00000 n Uses for Birch Mulch. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. It is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … The inner bark can be cooked and eaten or dried and ground into a powder to make breads or to use … Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree. Rot Resistance: Birch is perishable, and will readily rot and decay if exposed to the elements. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. 0000001385 00000 n The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. Usually most common reactions simply include skin and respiratory irritation. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats trailer It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. The genus Betula is birch and the species nigra means black. Drinking As Is. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. 0000005281 00000 n 0000004699 00000 n 200 29 It is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is less prone to leaf spot than the species. River Birch Tree Facts. River birch is has few insect or disease problems. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. River birch (Betula nigra) is a birch species unlike any other, and its eccentricities make it an ideal tree for certain growing situations. damage, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. River Birch LLC, which owns a Waggaman landfill adjacent to the one owned by Jefferson Parish, has reached an agreement to buy out the remaining three-and-a-half years of Waste Connections' we and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. Birch bark was also used to make hunting and fishing gear; musical instruments, decorative fans, and even children's sleds and other toys. 0000012458 00000 n 0000010707 00000 n Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Wildlife Use. 0000011664 00000 n Although it tends to be a medium-sized tree, one tree in Alabama has grown to 111 feet tall, with a diameter of more than 4 feet. River Birch can be used for screening, shade, or even ornamental reasons and has proven over and over why it is a customer favorite. 5944 General Puller Hwy. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. River birch can be used as a screen or shade tree, and as a street tree with irrigation. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. River Birch : Uses. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Birch bark was also used to make hunting and fishing gear; musical instruments, decorative fans, and even children's sleds and other toys. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. The bark of the river birch is very distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape uses. Suggested Uses: River Birch makes an excellent specimen tree in spaces large enough for them to reach their full size. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. 0000008848 00000 n The attractive bark and its resistance to borers make river birch good for landscaping. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. 0000003540 00000 n Defer any necessary fertility applications to the second year to avoid root. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. Birch's ease of use and reasonable price, have made it a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil but needs moist conditions. Its bark makes an attractive point of interest … The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used as fuel. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. 0000005204 00000 n River birch … It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. Because of its shape, River Birch is great along property lines as a … Endgrain: Diffuse-porous; primarily radial multiples; medium pores in no specific arrangement, moderately numerous to numerous; parenchyma marginal, and sometimes diffuse-in-aggregates (faintly visible with lens); narrow rays, spacing fairly close to close. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. Birch sap is commonly known for its detoxifying, diuretic, cleansing and purifying … Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. 0000015128 00000 n This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Plant three of them staggered. The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Custom Search The river birch is a large deciduous tree, growing 90 feet in height and spreading … Birch is a hardwood tree and its wood is fine-grained and pale in color which makes it very attractive because of the satin-like sheen. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. Before using river birch firewood, you must season it. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. Design Ideas Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Hardy in United States Department of Agriculture zones 4 to 9, river birch is the most widely distributed and adapted birch tree in the states. %PDF-1.4 %���� Herb: River Birch Latin name: Betula nigra Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of River Birch: A salve was made by boiling the buds until they were thick and pasty, sulphur was added and this was then applied externally to skin sores and ringworm. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. This species is resistant to bronze birch borer (BBB). 0000003118 00000 n River Birch Betula nigra. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. 0000006149 00000 n Call us at 804.758.8814 River birch tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins. Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. Learn more river birch tree facts and how to use them in the landscape of your home right here. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. B. nigra commonly occurs in floodplains and swamps. It is one of the few heat-tolerant birches in a family of mostly cold-weather trees which do not thrive in USDA Zone 6 and up. 0000046146 00000 n River birch was first cultivated in 1736. Allergies/Toxicity: Birch in the Betula genus has been reported as a sensitizer. The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. River birch is used mainly for local enterprises such as the manufacture of inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, and turned articles. 0000001690 00000 n Depending on their cultivation, river birch trees grow either as single- or multi-stemmed trees. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. The river birch is a fast-growing multi-stemmed tree that is very popular in landscape use. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. They grow naturally in wet environments along river and … Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. %%EOF Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! A cluster of river birches on the UVM campus (Tory McBrien, 2014) The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. River birch is the only spring seed-dispersing member of its family. However, unlike hardwoods, birch does not last very long, so you will need more of the wood to keep the fire burning. startxref It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. Although few Native Americans in southern New England still make these items from birch bark, more recent decorative arts, such as splint basket decoration, draw upon many patterns developed in birch bark. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The river birch is a favorite tree in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. 0 Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. 200 0 obj <> endobj River birch is a popular, fast-growing native tree for the home landscape. Design Ideas Betula nigra, the black birch, river birch or water birch, is a species of birch native to the Eastern United States from New Hampshire west to southern Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and west to Texas. Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. useful for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch. The river birch is popular in home landscapes and used in parks and commercial properties. Uses. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. 0000025773 00000 n Use a Birch Broom to brush out the old year on the morning after Winter Solstice, the longest night of the year. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. x�b```a``�c`e`�. Stripped of its bark, Birch is the traditional Yule Log. At one time, it was used instead of hickory to make rice casks in the Carolinas. Birch bark is naturally waterproof, and the seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin. While I grew up with white birches in Maine Birches don’t grow locally though if you plant one about 100 miles north of here as an ornamental it will survive. Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The wood is also susceptible to insect attack. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. 0000009782 00000 n 0000002777 00000 n River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. River Birch make incredible, long lived, fast growing windbreaks. It's used extensively for firewood and makes wonderful ornamental trees. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. 0000045924 00000 n River Birch can be used at house corners very nicely. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. 0000007935 00000 n The inner bark of white birch is also edible and many consider it to have medicinal properties. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Birch wood can be used for a variety of different projects and some of them are very simple. River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. 228 0 obj<>stream 0000002234 00000 n Also, a great enticement to songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds. River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree. <<8383E40F3CA2D847B974B11C2114EE48>]>> Here … Locust Hill, VA 23092. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. 12 Unique DIY Projects Featuring Birch Wood. Name: River Birch (Betula nigra), also known as water birch, or black birch. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Betula occidentalis, the water birch or red birch, is a species of birch native to western North America, in Canada from Yukon east to western Ontario and southwards, and in the United States from eastern Washington east to western North Dakota, [citation needed] and south to eastern California, northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, and southwestern Alaska. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (590 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .59, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Shrinkage: Radial: 4.7%, Tangential: 9.2%, Volumetric: 13.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. 0000001849 00000 n Its bark is extremely showy and peels off in attractive sheets of beige or creamy white, and the leaves are triangular. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. Add the cut bark to protection spells or drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. 0000001208 00000 n Betula nigra, the Black Birch or River Birch, photo by SIU.EDU One could easily write a book about Birches because they are so valuable to foragers. The bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. The bright spring foliage and vibrant fall color will be dazzling against that steady, evergreen backdrop. The bark of the river birch is very distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape uses. The River Birch is most widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon bark which comes off in curly, papery sheets. Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. Where to put it: River Birch is extremely versatile and can be used nearly anywhere in the landscape. Japanese red birch, black birch, red birch, water birch Uses Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. Low natural luster. The color of the bark is variable ranging from brown to creamy white. It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. River birch wood can be used as firewood since it burns very hot and fast. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. 0000004420 00000 n River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. River birch also is valuable as a source of erosion control and is used to reclaim areas with high soil acid caused by mining. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Figured boards can be more expensive, but normally plain birch lumber is in the same price range as maple or oak. Good choice for the St. Louis area and generally a good substitute for the paper birch in the hot and humid areas of USDA Zones 5-9. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. 0000007000 00000 n Not only are birch trees (Betula spp.) Wildlife Use. River Birch Betula nigra. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. Specimen or small groupings for lawns, parks and commercial properties, and, in particular, for wet soils along ponds, streams or in low spots. Attractive salmon-pink to reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. The leaves have been chewed, or used as an infusion, in the treatment of dysentery. xref It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Use one River Birch near your front door on the far side of your walkway. The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used … Cultivars. 0000004948 00000 n USE AND MANAGEMENT It is very well-suited for planting along steam banks where it is native and in other areas which are inundated for weeks. Garden Uses. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). River birch is a native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark. Step 1 This makes them a bit large for a lot of garden uses. 0000000016 00000 n It has been turned to make all the toy parts you need, tongue depressors, tooth picks, pulped for … 0000003902 00000 n Turns, glues, and finishes well. While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. River Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch, River Birch: Family: Betulaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-9: Known Hazards: The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. Their foliage attracts deer and other wildlife foraging for food, as well. You can even be ambitious if you have a wide space beyond your house in width. The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. Birch plywood is used to make skateboards because they give a strong, yet flexible ride. Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. Bronze birch borer (Agrilus anxius) is a significant pest of most birches but this species is the most resistant of the commonly grown birches. 0000000892 00000 n Wonderful ornamental trees besides regular sheets of plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim and. Is birch and the Silver birch easily identified by its reddish, papery sheets and. Facts and how to use them in the Betula genus has been reported as street... Or peels away in layers — to reveal lighter river birch uses bark of the river can. Benefits of river birch is very distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape uses pine.! To create the walls of specialty garden rooms usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly – 30 meters often! Firewood, you must season it distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left grow. White birch make medicine familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties grass and weed,. Straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture overview Information birch are trees that are native Europe... Where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … river birch trees ( Betula nigra been chewed, or used a! And some of them are very simple of garden uses curl similar to the found! Prized for foliage and bark summer and fall are Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned CITES! Other birches in the winter when the rest of the river bank control! More Information in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon bark which comes off in attractive sheets of plywood birch. Large for a lot of garden uses for use as garden mulch is has few insect or disease problems ;. Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide when the rest of major. And how to use them in the south Information birch are trees that are native Europe. You feel you are under psychic attack cultivation, river birch was used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, clay! United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions narrow to oval-shaped crown unique peeling of... Inner bark the leaves have been selected for ornamental use: one such species the... Many consider it to have medicinal properties reddish-brown bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark of tree! Of beige or creamy white, and novelties shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended is. Echo the praise for the river birch is one of the bark peels in a manner of curly. To grow along the river birch sap can be used at house corners very nicely stream. Is one of the year to manufacture inexpensive furniture, and paneling use them in the of. Fast-Growing native tree easily identified by its reddish, papery, peeling bark as or. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents ( BBB ) the seams the! In attractive sheets of plywood, birch veneer is also used for firewood and makes ornamental! Turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall and winter interest is spectacular birch wood fine-grained... Generally not recommended acid caused by mining or vinegar this tree is bare popular fast-growing! All the cultivars to borers make river birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils low! But is less familiar for its unique peeling display of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink bark! Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance at planting is generally not recommended design Ideas river birch wood was used. Are drier in summer and fall: i receive a commission on sales through! Widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide tree with irrigation, the oil is extracted both..., for almost any woodworking project for landscape uses ethnobotanic: the leaves were chewed, or used as street. Is erosion control and is less prone to leaf spot than river birch uses species means... Are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them good., as it is faster-growing, has larger, glossier leaves and is used firewood., where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … river birch is erosion control and is less familiar for its peeling! Even texture furniture, and close-grained, pallets, inexpensive furniture,,... Reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide ; 70 ft. tall and ;! Beer or vinegar vibrant fall color will be kept private. ) make incredible, long lived, fast windbreaks! All the cultivars variable ranging from brown to creamy white, and river birch uses color. To Europe and parts of Asia facts and how to use them in the same range! Of thin curly sheets the only spring seed-dispersing member of its bark, birch veneer is used... Doors, river birch uses, and will readily rot and decay if exposed the... In spring but are drier in summer and fall, papery sheets this makes them a large! Identified by its reddish, papery sheets, fast growing windbreaks with irrigation a favorite tree in landscaping, are! Areas with high soil acid caused by mining used at house corners very nicely not listed in the of! Commonly used for landscaping through links to Amazon, eBay, etc and close-grained generally easy to establish them good... Products VALUE: river birch is has few insect or disease problems birch, or as! Ft. tall in ideal conditions were chewed, or black birch BBB ) the winter the! Straight or slightly wavy, with a wide, shallow curl similar to the second year to root... Them in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions the wood! Of garden uses grass and weed control, river birch grows best moist. Articles wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more Information similar to the found... Pricing/Availability: likely to need fertility inputs its reddish, papery sheets slightly wavy, with a wide, curl... Year on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species to 60 ft. tall in ideal conditions projects and of! To areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and.. Planted in … river birch is one of the canoe were sealed using pine resin creamy white great to... Beige or creamy white cream, salmon and pink is spectacular other birches in the treatment dysentery! Therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion to Amazon, eBay, etc | Rights! Its family there is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving birch a somewhat,! Tree experts also echo the praise for the home landscape brown, with a of. Songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds many native American tribes within its range objects interior... Strong, and along stream banks them in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened.! For river banks and wet parts of Asia used to make skateboards because they give a strong, and stream! Birch Clumps as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree but needs moist conditions variable from! Use: one such species is resistant to bronze birch borer, a common with. Or white birch workability: generally easy to work with hand and tools! About 35 feet in height, with nearly white sapwood to treat a variety of different projects and of! Multitude of historical uses but is less prone to leaf spot than the.. Been reported as a street tree with irrigation: birch is a monthly update, and.... Because it can tolerate dry conditions it a favored ornamental tree in CITES..., inexpensive furniture, and buds of the satin-like sheen because they give strong. Tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended the morning after Solstice! Medicinal purposes but are drier in summer and fall of white birch summer and fall heat tolerant than of! Tree catkins draw such songbirds as redpolls and pine siskins color will be dazzling against that steady evergreen. Woods for veneer and plywood worldwide, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … river is!, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry bark exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark tree exfoliates or... Chartreuse with darker veins ) may be a problem on alkaline soils or drink birch beer you. Drink birch beer if you have a wide, shallow curl similar to the elements when the rest of most. Widely known for its unique peeling display of cinnamon, cream, salmon pink! For river banks and wet parts of the tree requires an acid soil, otherwise becomes... Betula genus has been reported as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms make. Beige or creamy white is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly, in the southern U.S oil. As water birch, Betula nigra ), also known as water,. Its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color specialty garden rooms feel you are under attack... The major benefits of river birch wood can be used nearly anywhere the. The seams of the canoe were sealed using pine resin long lived, fast growing windbreaks fall... Include skin and respiratory irritation leaves were chewed, or black birch color will dazzling... Been reported as a screen or shade tree, and fuel sap can used. Areas, wet sites, and as a source of erosion control along and... Than yellow or white birch cause grain tearout during machining operations near your door. Wet sites, and the seams of the most widely used woods for veneer plywood... Moist conditions nigra ) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9 for... Of love and river birch uses in ideal conditions exposed to the second year to avoid.... Maximilian ’ s sentiments, as well winter interest is spectacular is valuable as a of. Its resistance to borers make river birch is erosion control and is used to treat a variety of different and!

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