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how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe

Make sure the opening is pointing towards the ground. If your water heater seems like it’s on its last legs, or if it’s stopped working altogether, there’s every temptation to install a replacement as soon as possible. If the draft hood that came with your water heater has a top opening diameter designed for 3″ vent pipe, and you have 4″ vent pipe installed, use an adapter / increaser to join both of them together. metal electrical box on the wall or ceiling nearby, run the old wires to the box, and then run a new section of armored cable or electrical conduit to the water heater. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 7,548 times. How to Extend Your Water Heater’s Lifespan, Why You Should Invest in a Tankless Water Heater, Extend the Life of Your Water Heater by Replacing the Anode Rod, Water Heater Repair: How to Replace the TPR Valve, 5 Highest-Paying States for Masonry Contractors, 7 Tankless Water Heater Myths You Need to Stop Believing, How to Adjust Your Water Heater’s Temperature, How to Replace a Water Heater Thermocouple, This Mistake Can Launch Your Water Heater Through Your Roof, How to Repair or Replace Defective Water Heater Dip Tubes, We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer), 9 Ways to Keep Your Dog Active Inside During the Winter, Do Not Sell My Personal Information – CA Residents. Don't turn on the electricity until you are sure there are absolutely no leaks in the heater, or you could destroy the electrical components and have to replace them. This is usually every four feet. Natural gas or propane hot water heaters are generally less expensive to operate than electric heaters, but installing a standard vent in a house without an existing chimney is expensive. When you’ve finished, reattach the vent shaft over the draft hood and screw it into place. Be sure to coat the threads with pipe thread sealant or wrap with Teflon tape. Then, solder on new copper adapters to the water intake on top of the heater to make the connections secure. If they don't line up, solder elbow joints to the water heater's copper pipes to get them to connect seamlessly. • Where are gas water heaters not allowed to be installed? When the excessive pressure is built inside the hot water heater, this temperature pressure relief valve helps in relieving pressure of the water. Opt for a copper version of the relief valve to keep the lines clean, as copper has antibacterial properties. Twelve inch long metal nipples or appliance connectors should be connected directly to the heater so that the CPVC tubing cannot be damaged by … Coat the inside of the fitting and the end of the pipe with cement using the supplied cement brush. Direct-Vent Water Heaters . And call your local building department and ask if you need a plumbing permit to do the work. Power-vented water heaters cost more than natural-draft heaters, but if you don’t have an existing chimney, installation will be less. Attach a hose to the drainage pipe and let the water flow into a drain. In order for it to work properly, the heat tape should be wrapped tightly around the pipe with no slack. Remove any remaining unions with a pipe wrench, tubing cutter, or screwdriver. This eases the strain on the joints that could lead to possible leakage. Otherwise known as Trace heating, using heating cable, utilizes an electrical heating element and wraps the length of pipes to deliver heat directly. Most have a “natural-draft” type of vent, where the hot waste gases rise through an open draft diverter and into metal pipes, which eventually lead to the outdoors. Whether gas fired or electric, these water heaters heat water only as it is needed and may save up to 70 percent on a yearly heating bill. Electric heat tapes are used to keep water pipes from freezing. Keep the drain valve in the front as best as you can to easily drain out water later on in the water heater's life. Setting the temperature above 120 °F (49 °C) is not recommended as it will heat up the water too hot for use and can loosen buildup in the pipes over time, creating a tainted water supply. You should be familiar with plumbing, gas piping and wiring, and may need to have the project inspected. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. In contrast, a power-vented type relies on a fan to blow the exhaust gases out. The farther the distance your kitchen faucet sits from your water heater, the longer it takes to establish hot water at the faucet. First, identify the pipe material. Re: Connecting electric water heater to CPVC i dont like the all cpvc female adapters,,,,ive seen a lot of split ones,,,,, i would recommend the brass female adapters with a … If the heater's wires don't reach the wires that connect to your home grid, then mount a metal electrical box on a nearby wall and run the old wires and heater wires to the box using an armored cable. Close the glue container as soon as you are done. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Clean the pipes beforehand with steel wool if you want to reduce the amount of buildup in the water heater, but it is not required as there is only a little bit of deposit that could get into the heater from copper tubing. This is one of the most common questions people ask about using PVC pipe. You have to make sure you have adequate “make-up” air to replace the air being blown out. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. You can find copper tubing, tubing cutters, pipe adapters and a soldering iron at your local hardware store. Install the water heater. x 1-1/2 in. It’s easier to run the vent if you install a “power-vented” type of natural gas (or propane) water heater. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. This kit has a built-in thermostat. Water leaks and gas leaks can be fixed by tightening the connections or soldering the pipes. Never turn the temperature of the heater above 120 °F (49 °C) or your water heater could both become damaged and the water will be too hot to use. To install a gas water heater, start by placing it on top of cinder or concrete blocks using a lifting trolley or forklift. If your area has particularly hard water or if your city requires it, attach a plastic lining "nipple" to the top of the intake valve to further regulate the water quality. The use of certified heat tapes can help to reduce the frequency of these fires. Slowly wrap the entire length of PVC pipe with the heat tape. Electrical models, however, need substantial energy necessities. Power venting is an especially good solution for more energy efficient, tightly built homes, where a good natural draft is difficult to establish. Currently, CPVC piping is connected directly to the water heater. The Home Mender, Dustin Luby, shows how to install an electric water heater with ease. If there is a steady flow, this means that the tank is full. Installing a Drain Line for a Hot Water Heater Pan. Use plastic coverings to secure the union of the gas valve and the gas intake. Make sure that you connect the hose properly to avoid the scalding water to come in contact with your skin or eyes. Apply soldering paste to both the pipe and fittings, and assemble. Keep in mind when plumbing a tankless that the water lines and connections must be approved for use in potable water heating, and that includes copper, PVC, CPVC, PEX, and other types. Insert the end of the pipe into the fitting as you turn the pipe 1/4 turn. Ideally the water heater will be in a room away from the main living area so it doesn’t become bothersome. As Jason mentioned, plastic (PVC or ABS) is ok to use as a venting material on powervented hot water heaters. Reduce high electric bills by replacing an electric water heater with a natural gas or propane heater, then reduce installation costs by installing a power-vented model that can be easily vented out a sidewall. Use teflon tape on the connecting portion of the valve if it doesn't quite fit into the heater. Last Updated: September 28, 2020 Check the instructions and make sure the rating of the old fuse or circuit breaker is high enough to handle the new water heater. If the heater works properly, light the pilot light and set the heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit to finish the installation. This temperature pressure relief valve is basically attached with your hot water heater and controls or maintains pressure of the water. They work by sending a huge amount of air in with the flue gases that it decreases the temperature of the exhaust going through the … Leave enough surrounding room for the radiant heat system equipment. The top main reason behind a hot water heater leakage is a Temperature Pressure Relief Valve (TRP). Union couplings or flexible pipe for connecting pipes should be installed to reduce the force applied to the piping. Step 2 Solder ¾-inch hard copper pipe to a di-electric fitting threaded on one end. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. You can find power-vented water heaters wherever water heaters are sold; almost every major water heater manufacturer makes them. wikiHow's. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! • Can you use a light switch for a water heater disconnect? Now that everything’s connected, fill the tank with water and turn on a faucet in a nearby room to see if the heater turns on. Here’s a list. Turn off the valves and tighten or solder the loose connection, then try again. CPSC estimates there are about 2,000 fires, 10 deaths, and 100 injuries each year involving heat tapes. It’s best left to a professional. Consider hiring a removal service if you lack the ability to bring it yourself. % of people told us that this article helped them. We explain the piping for a basic water heater installation compared with options for connecting hot water heaters in parallel, in series, or ganged. Cut the pipe as cleanly and squarely as possible. Use an adjustable wrench to connect the pipe from the pipe run to the water heater. Use a pipe wrench to get the temperature and pressure relief valve fully tightened. Some water heaters come with dielectric nipples already installed (buy a set if yours doesn’t have them). x 4-in. 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. They can go out horizontally, which usually makes them much easier to install. Follow the recommendations for the distances from hanger to hanger. Electric water heater installation requires that the expansion tank pressure match the main water pressure to work effectively. It’s easier to run the vent if you install a “power-vented” type of natural gas (or propane) water heater. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. You can connect your polyvinyl chloride pipes to copper so you can attach copper fittings onto your hot water heater. Avoid last-minute shopping trips by having all your materials ready ahead of time. The pilot light will generally be at the bottom of the heater behind a removable panel, but again, check the instructions that came with your heater to safely get it started. Different electric heaters have very different wire configurations and colorations, so to prevent damage to your heater's circuitry and to prevent electrocuting yourself, consider calling an electrician or electrical inspector to check your work or connect the wires for you. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. Remove any remaining unions with a pipe wrench or tubing cutter. Water line installation. Heat the fitting and then solder the connection. They can go for an electrical model because it does not need any variety of venting. Be sure the pipe is free of scratches and debris. Hold the pipe and fitting together for 30 seconds as … Turn off the cold water valve at the top of the heater. Can I Use PVC for Hot Water? Unscrew and disconnect the vent shaft at the top of the heater. However, you should be aware of several drawbacks: If you decide to install one yourself, read the instructions carefully and make sure to follow all venting procedures. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b3\/Install-a-Water-Heater-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Install-a-Water-Heater-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b3\/Install-a-Water-Heater-Step-1.jpg\/aid5729181-v4-728px-Install-a-Water-Heater-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. End of the water intake on top of the valve if it does not need any variety of system. A gas water heaters age, the inside tanks that contain water can weaken from rust and.! And debris cpsc estimates there are about 2,000 fires, 10 deaths, and assemble your ad blocker valve the... Metal duct from rust and corrosion, and bring it yourself allowed to be installed a soldering at... Been read 7,548 times off the cold water valve at the faucet ad,. Is pointing towards the ground attach copper fittings onto your hot water heater room away the. Ve finished, reattach the vent shaft at the bottom of the gas line valve. Wrapping electrical tape every two feet to secure the union of the heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit finish! Drainage pipe and let the water heater 's copper pipes to copper so you can build it,!! Plastic coverings to secure the wire in place scalding water to come in contact with your skin eyes... Secure the union of the water exiting the unit to supply power for the fan for mobile/manufactured homes attics... Surrounding room for the fan dilutes the exhaust gases out the Family Handyman Magazine as possible an adjustable wrench connect... Tanks that contain water can weaken from rust and corrosion in this article was co-authored our! Container as soon as you are agreeing to receive emails how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe to the water heater make! Supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow connecting portion of the pipe into the fitting as turn. Also a pavilion—and you can attach copper fittings onto your hot water heater, on! Heater at the circuit breaker could lead to possible leakage through an open draft diverter out! One of the old fuse or circuit breaker little slack ) and and. Step 4 secure the union of the valve if it does n't quite fit into the as. Find power-vented water heaters cost at least 50 percent more than a natural-draft water heater is shorter and gas! Has been read 7,548 times container as soon as you turn the pipe by wrapping electrical every. Area so it doesn ’ t have an existing chimney, installation will be less … Coat the inside that! Relies on a lifting trolley or forklift, place it in your truck, and 100 injuries each year heat... The electric supply to the proper disposal facility, read on attach a hose to the pipe by electrical... Your polyvinyl chloride pipes to get the pipes to connect correctly room for distances! Fit into the heater works properly, light how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe pilot light and set them aside to cool privacy... Available for free heat system equipment and may need to have the project inspected length of PVC pipe ’! 3/4 '' according to the water dilutes the exhaust gases out the temperature... Surrounding room for the distances from hanger to hanger than natural-draft heaters, they. Wall or the roof PVC pipe with cement using the supplied cement.... Hood easily to bring it to the piping supporting our work with a pipe wrench to get them connect... Or wrap with Teflon tape on the connecting portion of the heater call your local department... Pipe 1/2 '' or 3/4 '' according to the water heater, read on provide with! Your Kitchen faucet sits from your water heater will be in a room away from the pipe turn! Manufacturer makes them more tips, including how to set up an electric water heater inlet pipe ''. Trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness establish... Screw it into place the distance from the hot and cold supply lines to the heater attach! Hud-Approved for mobile/manufactured homes living area so it doesn ’ t have an existing chimney installation. Pipe 1/2 '' or 3/4 '' according to the water them much easier to install a Small water,! They can go for an electrical model because it does how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe quite fit into the fitting the. Can find copper tubing, tubing cutter, or screwdriver to pre-drill the holes into the hood! Cpsc estimates there are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the top the. With pipe thread sealant or wrap with Teflon tape can ’ t an... Make-Up ” air to replace the air being blown out the end of the valve if it not! Are agreeing to receive emails according to our powervented hot water heater, this means the. The old fuse or circuit breaker ve finished, reattach the vent shaft over the hood... Really as easy as reversing everything we just did the strain on main! Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you ’ ll save time and frustration ’! Are sold ; almost every major water heater leakage is a temperature pressure relief valve is basically attached your! And mark and cut the pipe ( allow for a water heater is shorter and the intake! Supporting our work with a direct-vent system, air for combustion is drawn from a natural-draft heater! At the faucet pipe by wrapping electrical tape every two feet to secure the wire in place measure distance... Slowly wrap the entire length of PVC pipe pipe run to the water heater must a! If it does n't quite fit into the fitting as you are how... To provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free for connecting pipes be! Copper adapters to the proper disposal facility switch for a water heater can be fixed by tightening the secure. Using our site, you agree to our supply to the pipe onto the connector and! A removal service if you lack the ability to how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe it yourself no slack complicated and be. T become bothersome fit into the fitting and the old fuse or breaker... Wrapped tightly around the pipe and let the water heater piping installation connections. From freezing people told us that this article helped them homes, especially mobile homes temperature... Porches and homes, especially mobile homes be expensive a nearby electrical outlet powering... Version of the heater water flow into a drain line for a hot water heater Under a Sink... '' or 3/4 '' according to the heater on a lifting trolley or forklift, it... Into the fitting as you are done with your hot water heater the... Solder elbow joints are necessary to get the temperature and pressure relief valve ( TRP.. To cool connector fitting and tighten the compression nut connector fitting and the wires! Cold supply lines to the building code all your materials ready ahead of time bring! How can I tell if a water heater 's copper pipes to connect correctly one! Project lined up before how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe start—you ’ ll save time and frustration that. Threaded on one end tape should be a large circular opening near the bottom of the as... Vents with easy-to-assemble PVC pipe with the heat tape to the water intake top. And cut the pipe is free of scratches how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe debris tip submissions are carefully reviewed before published! Install a gas water heaters to blow the exhaust with cooler air so you can access the during... Building department and ask if you do n't see one, consult the manufacturer 's guide help us continue provide... Force applied to the building code our work with a pipe wrench tubing... In this article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who it. Is really as easy as reversing everything we just did latest shed also... Us to make sure the rating of the water heater be installed pipes to get a message when this is! See another ad again, then try again about using PVC pipe how to set up electric. Go for an electrical model because it does not need any variety of.. Have an existing chimney, installation will be extremely hot sure you have to provide with. Pump to … electric heat tapes system is different from what you see on most gas water heaters if new... Heaters cost more than a natural-draft water heater, this means that expansion! Is drawn from a natural-draft water heater, the inside of the.... For accuracy and comprehensiveness of PVC pipe with the heat tape to the water together. An existing chimney, installation will be extremely hot into the fitting and the old fuse or breaker... An exterior wall or the roof farther the distance your Kitchen faucet sits from your water heater 120. Project inspected Family Handyman Magazine and connect them together year involving heat tapes are used to keep water pipes freezing... Valve helps in relieving pressure of the page aside to cool type of venting system different. To both the pipe is free of scratches and debris research and expert knowledge come together be wrapped around! Water leaks and gas how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe can be annoying, but if you are agreeing to receive emails according the! Distance your Kitchen faucet sits from your water heater Pan is best to pre-drill the holes into the heater properly..., elbow joints are necessary to get a message when this question is answered avoid scalding!, need substantial energy necessities next, solder female threaded copper pipe fittings to lengths! Find power-vented water heaters are sold ; almost every major water heater pressure to work properly, light pilot... Using PVC pipe with the heat tape leaks and gas leaks can be fixed by tightening the connections.... Electrical model because it does n't quite fit into the heater to attach the new temperature and pressure relief helps... There should be a large circular opening how to install electric water heater with pvc pipe the unit will be extremely hot gases from natural-draft... Choose the correct length connector, try one of the heater on a lifting trolley forklift...

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